Trial Justice: The International Criminal Court and the Lord''s Resistance Army (African Arguments)
The first major case before the International Criminal Court is the appalling situation in northern Uganda where Joseph Kony's Lord's Resistance Army abducted thousands, many of them children, and systematically tortured, raped, maimed and killed them.
This book argues that much of the antipathy to the ICC is based upon ignorance and misconception. Drawing on field research in Uganda, it shows that victims are much more interested in punitive international justice than has been suggested, and that the ICC has made resolution of the war more likely.
Catholic priests. Priests were attacked. Twelve missions were attacked in six weeks. I changed my place of residence every two days. When commanders told him of killings [of civilians] in Lira [district] he was laughing. He told them to kill more. He is mad … At the Catholic mission in Opit, the two Verona Fathers contrasted the behaviour of the HSMF and the LRA. One of them explained that: The Lakwena soldiers would come and ask us respectfully for ﬂowers for their rituals. In July 1987 they
happened to them. They called on their friends still with the LRA to try to return home too. The LRA commanders responded by stopping their soldiers/abductees from listening to radios, but it took only one 75 Amnesty, peace talks and prosecution adier’ Kenneth Banya and some of Kony’s ‘wives’. Others became Four person to hear and the word was passed around. Several of the former LRA combatants I spoke to in November 2004 told me that they had heard about the amnesty in this way.
empowered to do by the Rome Statute. In response to this and 96 other statements from human rights and development agencies, the Chief Prosecutor clariﬁed his ofﬁce’s position in February, and reiterated it in a formal letter to the President of the Court on 17 June 2004: ‘My Ofﬁce has informed the Ugandan authorities that we must interpret the scope of the referral consistently with the principles of the Rome Statute, and hence we are analysing crimes within the situation of northern Uganda by
or ‘witch doctors’ had to be careful to assert their moral probity by linking their activities to Christianity (or, in some cases, to Islam).19 Such associations have remained important. In the mid-1980s, both Alice Auma ‘Lakwena’ and Joseph Kony were ajwaki and both had a relationship with the Catholic Church that was at least tolerated. For obvious reasons, in recent years the established churches have tended to preach against ajwaki (and nebi). The Holy Spirit Movement and the LRA have also
did require states to prosecute and punish, either through domestic judicial procedures or ‘by such international criminal tribunal as may have jurisdiction’. These developments, together with the 1949 Geneva Conventions, promised a great deal, but there remained a crucial ﬂaw. In the past there had been few international arrangements that sought to restrict the choices made by the governments of independent states, and concerns about possible infringements of sovereignty were reﬂected in Article