The Ethiopian Revolution 1974-1987: A Transformation from an Aristocratic to a Totalitarian Autocracy (LSE Monographs in International Studies)
This book is the most comprehensive account of the Ethiopian revolution currently available, dealing with almost the entire span of the revolutionary government's life. Particular emphasis is placed on effectively isolating and articulating the causes and outcomes of the revolution. Dr. Tiruneh makes extensive use of primary sources written in the national official language, and is the first Ethiopian national to write on this subject. This book is thus a unique account of a fascinating period, capturing the mood of the revolution as never before, yet firmly grounded in scholarship.
flying over the capital while those on the ground would start taking over the national radio station and all other strategic places in the city. However, the representatives of the Paratroop Brigade could not agree to the plan to kill Col Alem Zewd, who was commander of the same brigade, Chairman of the Military and Police Joint Command recently established under the Ministry of Defence and confidant of Endalkachew. When the others refused to accept the open protest of the Paratroop Brigade
arrested Lt Gen Abiye Abebe (Minister of Defence)38 and on 22 July it replaced Lij Endalkachew Mekonnen by Lij Michael Imiru as prime minister.39 In addition to his other responsibilities, Lt Gen Aman Andom was appointed Minister of Defence in a subsequent cabinet reshuffle.40 The Derg's control of the cabinet was now complete. The next to fall prey to the Derg's designs was the King, who by The turning of an urban movement into a junta dictatorship 69 then was helpless and isolated, most of
Ethiopian Socialism.23 If any of the economic activities under the first category were in private hands, they were to be nationalized.24 It was in accordance with this principle that the Economic Policy Committee mentioned above shortlisted a total of seventy-two business organizations for nationalization by the Derg. The undertakings so nationalized included: thirteen food-processing industries, nine leather-processing and shoe-making industries, four printing establishments, eight
than the rule since the pattern of migration was more towards the urban centres than the other way round. The reform law under consideration failed to recognize the highly individualistic ethos of the rist system and sought to transform 'the community of the family' directly into co-operatives rather than redistributing it to individuals. In reality, however, the effect was the same in the cases of both rist and the privately owned land: land was further subdivided and redistributed to individual
of urban land and extra houses had as its main target the abolition of landlordism - a target concerning which both reforms were highly effective. The social effect of the reforms was to destratify Ethiopian society which had been divided along property relations. Also, a by-product of these reforms was the establishment of peasant associations and urban dwellers' associations which were intended to act as local governments but which actually proved to be more important as forums of political