Shadow Warfare: The History of America's Undeclared Wars
Larry Hancock, Stuart Wexler
Shadow Warfare traces the evolution of these covert operations, detailing the tactics and tools used from the Truman era through those of the contemporary Obama Administrations. It also explores the personalities and careers of many of the most noted shadow warriors of the past sixty years, tracing the decade-long relationship between the CIA and the military.
Shadow Warfare presents a balanced, non-polemic exploration of American secret warfare, detailing its patterns, consequences and collateral damage and presenting its successes as well as failures. Shadow Wars explores why every president from Franklin Roosevelt on, felt compelled to turn to secret, deniable military action. It also delves into the political dynamic of the president’s relationship with Congress and the fact that despite decades of combat, the U.S. Congress has chosen not to exercise its responsibility to declare a single state of war - even for extended and highly visible combat.
wrong caliber ammunition for Soviet weapons provided to the rebels, and totally inexperienced recruits. On June 19, 1965, Makasi aircraft located and strafed the Cuban camp. The Makasi aircraft also had begun patrolling the lake, which represented the main supply conduit for the rebels, during the day. By September the exile maritime unit was on the lake with their very familiar CIA-armed swift boats.343 The Cuban advisors managed to organize several ambushes and one serious attack on a Congo
the American government. Its first element, a fighter group (AVG-1), would later become even better known as the Flying Tigers, who would play a pivotal role in air operations in China and after Pearl Harbor. The group’s commander, Claire Chennault, rejoined the Army Air Force as a major general commanding the 14th Air Force after the outbreak of war with Japan. But the second element of the unit (AVG-2), the strategic bomber group anticipated by President Roosevelt, was delayed by struggles in
http://web.archive.org/web/20070115212856/http://www.defenselink.mil/news/May 2005/20050516_1126.html 824Catherine Fellows, “US targets Sahara ‘terrorist haven,’” BBC News, August 8, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4749357.stm 825Lt. Colonel Mohamed Taghioullah Ould Nema, “The Rise in Terrorist Attacks in the Western Sahara,” Journal of ERW and Mine Action, Issue 15.1, Spring 2011. http://www.jmu.edu/cisr/journal/pdfs/151.pdf 826Horand Knaup, translated from the German by Jan Liebelt,
police and military figures—would become key enablers to deniable warfare in Southeast Asia for two decades to come. Those connections would also provide channels and entanglements resulting in a massive escalation in drug smuggling out of the Golden Triangle border regions. One of Asia’s two main opium-producing areas (the other being Afghanistan), the Golden Triangle overlaps the mountains of four Southeast Asian countries: Myanmar (formerly Burma), Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. During WWII, the
Indonesia. The Indonesian project was an early example of creating regime change via a coup attempt by rebellious Indonesian army officers and units. In an operation designated Archipelago, CIA officers covertly attempted to recruit coup participants while conducting training for the Indonesian national police. Archipelago was carried out largely under the supervision of senior CIA officer Desmond FitzGerald, who also was to assume authority for the Tibet operation, being described as the primary