One Billion Rising: Law, Land and the Alleviation of Global Poverty (AUP - Leiden University Press)
In an age fueled by globalization and focused on the struggling citizens of the urban metropolis, it might come as a surprise to learn that most of the world’s 1.4 billion poorest people are still rural. Unfortunately, the vast majority of these populations lack ownership of—and rights to—the land that forms their principal source of livelihood. Although land reform and related legal work have transformed the lives of millions of families by providing secure land rights, not all such efforts have succeeded. That mix of success and failure has been a big part of the reason that, in recent years, the conventional wisdom concerning law and land tenure reform—what is needed, what is possible, and how such reform contributes to pro-poor development—has changed, sometimes in striking ways. In this timely and important volume, lawyers from the Rural Development Institute and the University of Washington’s School of Law in Seattle use four decades worth of research on the results of land tenure reform efforts around the world in order to address how we might better meet the struggles to understand and change the plight of the rural poor.
a mortgage on the land as security for payment of the debt), rather than delaying transfer of ownership until payments have been completed. The more that can be done to instill a sense of ownership in the land, the more likely the family is to invest its time and scarce capital to improve it. The introduction of improved inputs can make a significant contribution to micro-plot productivity. One illustrative example is a project undertaken by Helen Keller International to improve animal husbandry
quadrant, as being without access). See generally Prosterman & Riedinger, supra note 6. Riedinger, also a lawyer, is now Professor of Political Science and Dean of International Programs at Michigan State University. See generally J. Riedinger, AGRARIAN REFORM IN THE PHILIPPINES: DEMOCRATIC TRANSITIONS AND REDISTRIBUTIVE REFORMS (Stanford University Press 1995). Based on a definition in F. Place, et al., Land Tenure Security and Agricultural Performance in Africa: Overview of Research
and some governments that previously sought to stamp out or carefully regulate tenancy have lifted restrictions (Mexico)3 or are urging the rolling back of tenancy restrictions (India).4 Rural relationships have evolved over the past half-century in a number of societies, from virtually feudal arrangements based on highly imbalanced power relationships, to arrangements in which landlords and tenants may have more equitable bargaining positions and where both increasingly have alternative sources
Brown 57 3. Redistributing land to agricultural laborers Roy L. Prosterman 107 4. Micro-plots for the rural poor Robert Mitchell, Tim Hanstad and Robin Nielsen 153 5. Gender and land tenure reform Rene´e Giovarelli 195 6. Land tenure reform in India Tim Hanstad and Robin Nielsen 235 7. From collective to household tenure: China and elsewhere Li Ping and Roy L. Prosterman 277 8. Formalization of rights to land Robert Mitchell 333 9. Land rights legal aid Robert Mitchell 377
often lonely, voice recognizing the importance that access to land and security of land tenure has in uplifting the lives of the poor in agrarian economies. They have not only detailed these effects but also identified the mechanisms through which these benefits are realized. In most developing countries, most people depend for their livelihood on agriculture. Land is thus an essential part of the means of production, but those at the bottom typically have no land. Giving even small plots of land