Nuclear 2.0: Why a Green Future Needs Nuclear Power
By making use of the latest in world energy statistics, author Mark Lynas shows that with wind and solar still at only about one percent of global primary energy, looking to renewable energy as a solution to deliver all the world’s power is a dangerously delusional concept. Moreover, with no possibility reducing the world’s energy usage—when the developing world is fast extricating itself from poverty and adding the equivalent of a new Brazil to the global electricity consumption each year—additional solutions are needed. This book then details how the antinuclear movement of the 1970s and 1980s succeeded only in making the world more dependent on fossil fuels. Instead of making the same mistake again, this book shows how all those who want to see a low-carbon future need to join forces by backing an ambitious proposal for a combined investment in wind, solar, and nuclear power.
www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1667/RR3232 18 World Health Organization (2006), Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident and Special Health Care Programmes: Report of the UN Chernobyl Forum Expert Group ‘Health’. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2006/ 9241594179_eng.pdf 19 UNSCEAR (2008), Sources and effects of ionizing radiation, Volume II. www.unscear.org/docs/reports/2008/11-80076_ Report_2008_Annex_D.pdf 20 Stephen S. Lim et al. (2012), ‘A comparative risk assessment of burden of
most people think. Still, I accept that waste is a serious concern for many people, so the fact that fast reactors like the IFR can actually burn the longest-lived elements in nuclear waste should be a huge incentive to deploy them. These long-lived elements are the ‘transuranics’ such as americium, californium and neptunium, which are the reason why deep geological disposal facilities are designed to be stable for a million years. (Americium-241 has another important use: it may have already
The key figure inputting into the climate model is cumulative emissions during the entire century, so emissions paths post-2030 are crucial. 5 The MAGICC model parameters are as per Lowe et al. (2009), ‘How difficult is it to recover from dangerous levels of global warming?’, Environmental Research Letters 4 (1), DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/4/1/014012. http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/6700/1/lowe_et_al_09. pdf. Spreadsheet of emissions scenario inputs and temperature outputs for this whole exercise available
have ecological impacts that drastically limit their additional scalability or desirability. Other than these, there is really only one other proven large-scale, low-carbon option currently on the table that can help us meet climate and energy targets along with wind and solar. And that is nuclear power. Notes 1 Michael Shellenberger, Ted Nordhaus and Jesse Jenkins, ‘Energy Emergence: Rebound and backfire as emergent phenomena’. The Breakthrough, 17 February 2011:
Nuclear Resistance’ adopted in 1977 stated: “Our [anti-nuclear] stand is in defence of the health, safety, and general well-being of ourselves and of future generations of all life on this planet.” Against this background, the Sierra Club’s initial refusal to campaign against California’s Diablo Canyon nuclear plant could not possibly continue: in a top-level bust-up which nearly destroyed the Sierra Club, executive director David Brower resigned in 1969 and went on to found Friends of the Earth