Mao (Routledge Historical Biographies)
Michael Lynch presents an engaging and thorough account of Mao's life and politics, making use of a wealth of primary and secondary sources. He locates Maoism in the broader context of twentieth century Chinese history, discussing the development of the Chinese Communist Party, the creation of the People's Republic of China and the Cultural Revolution, and the part played by Mao in the Cold War. Details of Mao's controversial private life as well as his political and philosophical thought add to this diverse picture of the influential leader.
This well-written biography will be essential reading to anyone interested in twentieth century China and its most memorable figure.
Comintern and the East (Moscow, 1979), p. 314. 16 ‘The Struggle Against the Right Wing of the Guomindang’, 21 July 1924, in Stuart Schram (ed.), Mao’s Road to Power 1912–1949, Revolutionary Writings, vol. 2, p. 215. 17 E.g. Philip Short, Mao: A Life (London, 1999), p. 149. 18 Stuart Schram (ed.), Mao’s Road to Power 1912–1949, Revolutionary Writings, vol. 2, p. 361. 19 ‘Reasons for the Breakaway of the Guomindang Right and its Implications for the Future of the Revolution’, 10 January 1926,
editor of Political Weekly 1926–28 Northern Expedition 1927 Produces Report on Chiang Kaishek’s the Peasant ‘White Terror’ Movement in Hunan; leads Autumn Harvest Rising; becomes involved with He Zichen; leads Red flight to Jiangxi 1928 forms first Red Zhu De joins forces Army; divorces with Mao Kaihui; marries He Zichen 1929 suffers from malaria Great Crash in USA xiv CHRONOLOGY Date Personal Political General 1930 opposes the Li Lisan Li Lisan becomes Line; death
no such possibility of improvement was available to the mass of the peasants. Their condition was wretched, made so by centuries of landlord exploitation. They lived ‘a worse life than that of the tenant peasants in any other country in the world’.25 Since they could not improve themselves within the system which enslaved them, their only recourse was to destroy it. Such was Mao’s rationale for demanding that the CCP make the awakening of peasant consciousness the prime objective. It was an
An immediate mark of Zhou’s usefulness was that it was through him that a handbook on guerrilla tactics compiled by Mao received the party’s imprimatur and was issued to the Red Army. In August, Mao went down with another bout of malaria which incapacitated him for three months. As before, with He Zichen to minister to him, he took sanctuary in a disused temple, this time on Mount Yunshi 12 miles from Ruijin. He was thus uninvolved in the planning of the CCP’s breakout from Jiangxi that began in
accompanied the Red columns at this time, Mao played ‘a sardonic cat and mouse game’. Knowing how desperately the GMD longed to take him alive, he continually offered himself as a target for capture: [Mao] deliberately telegraphed his moves, and . . . made it a point never to be more than one day’s march ahead of the GMD. . . . At every encampment he would wait until the scouts brought him news that the 140 FROM PARTY LEADER TO LEADER OF THE NATION, 1943–50 enemy was only an hour’s march away