Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda
Martin J. Manning
From the French and Indian War in 1754, with Benjamin Franklin's Join or Die cartoon, to the present war in Iraq, propaganda has played a significant role in American history. The Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda provides more than 350 entries, focusing primarily on propaganda created by the U.S. government throughout its existence. Two specialists, one a long-time research librarian at the U.S. Information Agency (the USIA) and the State Department's Bureau of Diplomacy, and the other a former USIA Soviet Disinformation Officer, Martin J. Manning and Herbert Romerstein bring a profound knowledge of official U.S. propaganda to this reference work. The dictionary is further enriched by a substantial bibliography, including films and videos, and an outstanding annotated list of more than 105 special collections worldwide that contain material important to the study of U.S. propaganda.
Students, researchers, librarians, faculty, and interested general readers will find the Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda an authoritative ready-reference work for quick information on a wide range of events, publications, media, people, government agencies, government plans, organizations, and symbols that provided mechanisms to promote America's interests, both abroad and domestically, in peace and in war. Almost all entries conclude with suggestions for further research, and the topically arranged bibliography provides a further comprehensive listing of important resources, including films and videos.
(Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins, 1919); U.S. Library of Congress, American Colonization Society; A Register of Its Records in the Library of Congress (Washington, DC: The Library, 1979). American Forces Network, Europe 9 AMERICAN CORNERS. See American Centers and American Corners AMERICAN COUNCIL AGAINST NAZI PROPAGANDA. Established in N e w York City in 1939, the American Council Against Nazi Propaganda published a newsletter called The Hour. The first editor was Dr. Albert Parry. Although it
espoused "the New History" movement that centered on the rewriting of all history in light of contemporary problems and that stressed the social and economic roots of particular events. He coined terms blackout boys and court historians as derogatory terms against progovernment historians, positions he clarified in The Struggle Against the Historical Blackout. FURTHER READING: Robert H. Barnes, Harry Elmer Barnes As I Knew Him (Worland, WY: High Plains Publishing, 1994); Arthur Goddard, ed.,
unofficial coins were outlawed. FURTHER READING: Grover C. Cnswell and Herb Romerstein, The Official Guide to Confederate Money and Civil War Tokens, Tradesmen and Patriotic (New York: HC Publishers, 1971). CLANDESTINE RADIO STATIONS. Clandestine radio stations should not be confused with pirate radio stations, which are also unlicensed. Clandestine stations are usually operated by revolutionary groups or by intelligence agencies that usually leave behind no documentary evidence of their
such as Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, are "white" radio stations. See also Debunk; Operation Annie; Radio Broadcasting by the U.S. Government; Radio Caiman; Radio Swan; Soldatensender Calais FURTHER READING: Donald R. Browne, International Radio Broadcasting: The Limits of the Limitless Medium (New York: Praeger, 1982); Lawrence C. Soley and John S. Nichols, Clandestine Radio Broadcasting: A Study of Revolutionary and Counterrevolutionary Electronic Communication (New York and Westport,
The most important collaboration of WAC and the government was the national gas rationing effort after the Office of Price Administration (OPA) decided gas rationing was the best way to conserve rubber, a most essential commodity in wartime; there was not a shortage of fuel. Radio comedians, such as Fibber McGee and Molly, used their weekly NBC show to promote the government's message on gas rationing. Another was Jack Benny, whose reputation as a tightwad made him the perfect celebrity to defuse