Global Health in Africa: Historical Perspectives on Disease Control (Perspectives on Global Health)
The chapters in this collection are organized in three sections that evaluate linkages between past, present, and emergent. Part I, “Looking Back,” contains four chapters that analyze colonial-era interventions and reflect upon their implications for contemporary interventions. Part II, “The Past in the Present,” contains essays exploring the historical dimensions and unexamined assumptions of contemporary disease control programs. Part III, “The Past in the Future,” examines two fields of public health intervention in which efforts to reduce disease transmission and future harm are premised on an understanding of the past.
This much-needed volume brings together international experts from the disciplines of demography, anthropology, and historical epidemiology. Covering health initiatives from smallpox vaccinations to malaria control to HIV campaigns, Global Health in Africa offers a first comprehensive look at some of global health’s most important challenges.
Contributors: James L. A. Webb, Jr.; Guillaume Lachenal; Jennifer Tappan; Tamara Giles-Vernick and Stephanie Rupp; Anne Marie Moulin; Myron Echenberg; Michel Garenne, Alain Giami, and Christophe Perrey; Sheryl McCurdy and Haruka Maruyama
francophone,” Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique 64, no. 5 (1971): 741. 27. A. Bayoumi, “Smallpox in the Sudan, 1925–1964,” East African Medical Journal 51, no. 1 (1974): 135. Other facilities are reported in Kenya Medical Department, Annual Medical Report 1950 (Nairobi, Medical Department, 1950), 20;Tanganyika Territory, Annual Medical and Sanitary Report, 1951 (Dar es Salaam, 1951), 46; Nigeria, Annual Report on the Medical Services for the Year 1937 (Lagos: Government Press, 1937),
insecticides supplemented with mass-drug treatment.”62 Use of Synthetic Insecticide to Control Malaria in Liberia Round Two:The Kpain Project, 1958–62 At the WHO Technical Meeting on Malaria convened in Brazzaville in December 1957, specialists agreed that the pilot projects to date throughout West Africa had failed to achieve the interruption of transmission, and that new projects should include large-scale experiments in mass drug administration. Because the cost of training special
of Firestone in Liberia, see Arthur J. Knoll, “Firestone’s Labor Policy, 1924–1939,” Liberian Studies Journal 16, no. 2 (1991): 49–75. 7. Alfred Lief, The Firestone Story: A History of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company (New York: Whittlesey House, 1951), 321–23. 8. Harrison Akingbade, “U.S. Liberian Relations during World War II,” Phylon 46, no. 1 (1985): 30. The US troops suffered high rates of malarial infection, owing in part to fluctuating policies in the administration of antimalarial
Oxford University Press, 1989), 83–108; E.V. McCollum, The Newer Knowledge of Nutrition (New York: Macmillan, 1918). 7. Interview with Hugh Trowell by Elizabeth Bray, MSS.Afr.s.1872 (144B), Rhodes House Library, Oxford University (hereafter RHL); “Dr. Hebe Flower Welbourn: Reminiscences of My Career in Uganda,” Personal Memoir, MSS.Afr.s.1872 (152), RHL. je nnife r tappan 8. Hugh Trowell, “Food, Protein and Kwashiorkor (Presidential Address),” Uganda Journal 21 (1957): 84; J. F. Brock and
“treatment as prevention” (TasP) and its relation to contemporary efforts to reduce HIV transmission. He traces a genealogy of TasP, from its beginnings in colonial mass treatments for malaria control, to the sleeping sickness and yaws campaigns of the 1920s and 1930s, through disastrous sleeping sickness treatment and prophylaxis measures in French and Belgian colonies in the 1950s. He explores how mass pentamidine use as both treatment and prophylaxis against sleeping sickness in Cameroon