Eisenhower in War and Peace
Jean Edward Smith
NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY
The Christian Science Monitor • St. Louis Post-Dispatch
“Magisterial.”—The New York Times
In this extraordinary volume, Jean Edward Smith presents a portrait of Dwight D. Eisenhower that is as full, rich, and revealing as anything ever written about America’s thirty-fourth president. Here is Eisenhower the young dreamer, charting a course from Abilene, Kansas, to West Point and beyond. Drawing on a wealth of untapped primary sources, Smith provides new insight into Ike’s maddening apprenticeship under Douglas MacArthur. Then the whole panorama of World War II unfolds, with Eisenhower’s superlative generalship forging the Allied path to victory. Smith also gives us an intriguing examination of Ike’s finances, details his wartime affair with Kay Summersby, and reveals the inside story of the 1952 Republican convention that catapulted him to the White House.
Smith’s chronicle of Eisenhower’s presidential years is as compelling as it is comprehensive. Derided by his detractors as a somnambulant caretaker, Eisenhower emerges in Smith’s perceptive retelling as both a canny politician and a skillful, decisive leader. He managed not only to keep the peace, but also to enhance America’s prestige in the Middle East and throughout the world.
Unmatched in insight, Eisenhower in War and Peace at last gives us an Eisenhower for our time—and for the ages.
Praise for Eisenhower in War and Peace
“[A] fine new biography . . . [Eisenhower’s] White House years need a more thorough exploration than many previous biographers have given them. Smith, whose long, distinguished career includes superb one-volume biographies of Grant and Franklin Roosevelt, provides just that.”—The Washington Post
“Highly readable . . . [Smith] shows us that [Eisenhower’s] ascent to the highest levels of the military establishment had much more to do with his easy mastery of politics than with any great strategic or tactical achievements.”—The Wall Street Journal
“Always engrossing . . . Smith portrays a genuinely admirable Eisenhower: smart, congenial, unpretentious, and no ideologue. Despite competing biographies from Ambrose, Perret, and D’Este, this is the best.”—Publishers Weekly (starred review)
“No one has written so heroic a biography [on Eisenhower] as this year’s Eisenhower in War and Peace [by] Jean Edward Smith.”—The National Interest
“Dwight Eisenhower, who was more cunning than he allowed his adversaries to know, understood the advantage of being underestimated. Jean Edward Smith demonstrates precisely how successful this stratagem was. Smith, America’s greatest living biographer, shows why, now more than ever, Americans should like Ike.”—George F. Will
screen. He made no threat to use atomic weapons, but the implication was clear. Unless the Chinese accepted an armistice in Korea, the new administration would escalate the war. Eisenhower returned to 60 Morningside Drive, met with his prospective cabinet twice in early January at the Commodore Hotel, and departed for Washington by rail on January 19, 1953. He was accompanied by Mamie, his son John, and John’s wife, Barbara. Two weeks earlier, President Truman had ordered John back from Korea to
263. 49. DDE, Crusade in Europe 469. 50. Ibid. 468. Also see John S. D. Eisenhower, Strictly Personal 100–107. 51. DDE, Crusade in Europe 460–61; John S. D. Eisenhower, Strictly Personal 102–4; Jean Edward Smith, Lucius D. Clay 263. 52. DDE, Crusade in Europe 461–62. 53. Quoted in Ambrose, 1 Eisenhower 430. 54. The New York Times, August 14, 1945. 55. Ibid., August 15, 1945. 56. Jean Edward Smith, Lucius D. Clay 263. 57. For the arrangements for Zhukov’s visit to the United States, see
1814 the Bourbon monarchy was restored, only to be overthrown in 1830 in favor of the constitutional monarchy of Louis-Philippe, the duc d’Orléans. The Revolution of 1848 toppled the Orleanist monarchy and established the Second Republic, which ruled France until 1852, when Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (Napoléon’s nephew) mounted a coup and established the Second Empire. Napoléon III (as he was styled) ruled France until Germany’s 1870 victory in the Franco-Prussian War. A period of instability
his diary, “Among the senior officers in the Army, he [Moseley] has been my most intimate friend and the one for whom I have great admiration and esteem. [He is] a wonderful officer—a splendid gentleman and a true friend. Mentally honest and with great moral courage he is well equipped for any task this gov’t can possibly give him.”8 In his professional capacity, Moseley was unquestionably an outstanding officer. He had done an exemplary job handling the logistics of the AEF, had helped Charles
be.… P.S. I’m not a Filipino.”49 h The great Louisiana maneuvers of 1941 were the largest ever conducted on American soil. In the end, nearly five hundred thousand men participated—almost half of the Army’s combat strength. “I want the mistakes made down in Louisiana, not over in Europe,” General Marshall told doubting members of Congress.50 Marshall had witnessed firsthand how ill-prepared American officers had been in World War I, how unfamiliar they were with commanding large troop formations