Diasporas, Development and Peacemaking in the Horn of Africa (Africa Now)
This important intervention, written by scholars working at the cutting edge of diaspora and conflict, challenges the conventional wisdom that diaspora are all too often warmongers, their time abroad causing them to become more militant in their engagement with local affairs. Rather, they can and should be a force for good in bringing peace to their home countries.
Featuring in-depth case studies from the Horn of Africa - including Somalia and Ethiopia - this volume presents an essential re-thinking of a key issue in African politics and development.
Finnish NGOs and CBOs, which also lobby on Somalia-related issues at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Some Somalis are also active in politics, in particular at the municipal level. Despite the ‘proactivity’ shown among this community, Somalis in Finland are also often associated with social problems in the media. The level of unemployment among Somali nationals is very high, 55.2 per cent in 2008 (Statistics Finland 2010), and as a community it is perceived to be in a marginal position in
with already established language, methods and rules. The focus on professionalization and the selection of partners who meet required criteria reveal differing expectations on behalf of mainstream development actors about what the exact role of diaspora organizations in promoting homeland development might be: independent development and peace promoters, development and peacebuilding professionals, brokers between their home communities and development professionals, or simply direct
diasporas and conflict resolution’, in H. Smith and P. Stares (eds), Diasporas in Conflict: Peace-makers or peace-wreckers?, Tokyo: United Nations University Press. Bonjour, S. (2005) ‘The politics of migration and development. The migration-development connection in Dutch political discourse and policy since 1970’, EUI working paper, Florence: Florence School on Euro-Mediterranean Migration and Development. Bush, K. (2008) ‘Diaspora engagement in peacebuilding: empirical and theoretical
group of ‘alienated intellectuals’ hijacks the whole discussion on the crisis back in the home country. UNDP officials responsible for Somalia admit that they usually cooperate with individuals and that legitimacy is an issue as these might have a very restrictive political agenda. ‘To make sure that we are dealing with the right people and the right institutions from our office in Nairobi and our offices inside Somalia, I think it becomes, again, much harder to do.’ In Brussels one EU official
‘Contextualizing the Horn of Africa and the diaspora’, provides an overview of the literature on diaspora and conflict, as well as the transnational dynamics of conflicts in the region. In her chapter, ‘Diaspora and multi-level governance for peace’, Liisa Laakso uses the model of multi-level governance (MLG) to examine the ways in which private and non-governmental diaspora actors interact with governmental and multilateral agencies. In conflict-ridden states the local level can be quite